Tinnitus represents a debilitating condition afflicting many individuals, creating a symphony of non-existent sounds such as buzzing, ringing, or pulsating, perceptible only to the patient affected by this condition. Two distinct types of tinnitus can be identified: subjective, where the noise is entirely apparent in the absence of a genuine acoustic stimulus, and objective, where the perceived noise is generated by certain internal structures of the ear, such as excessively turbulent blood flow or the presence of abnormal vessels.
Although the causes are diverse and complex, tinnitus can result from various factors, including hearing damage, circulatory issues, or stress.
Causes of Tinnitus:
Hearing Damage: Prolonged exposure to high-intensity sounds, aging, or injuries to the inner ear can cause tinnitus. Examples include hunters or workers frequently exposed to sudden high-intensity noises, which, over time, can damage the internal ear structures, leading to the onset of this condition.
Circulatory Issues: Compromised blood circulation can negatively impact the health of the inner ear, contributing to tinnitus. Proper circulation is crucial for all tissues and organs in our body, and ears also requires adequate blood flow to ensure the proper functioning of all structures.
Stress and Anxiety: Psychological conditions such as stress and anxiety can exacerbate or trigger tinnitus.
Chronic Diseases: Certain chronic illnesses, such as hypertension or diabetes, have been associated with tinnitus. It is essential to monitor these conditions to prevent the onset of tinnitus or more severe conditions.
Regarding remedies, there is currently no conclusive evidence fully supporting the use of specific molecules and active principles. Additionally, as tinnitus is a chronic and debilitating condition that may worsen over time, the use of antidepressants is not uncommon to support patients’ mental well-being.
In this context, however, some natural remedies have shown potential for tinnitus treatment or management.
Auricularia and Reishi: These fungi have long been used in Chinese medicine to improve circulation and alleviate ear disorders. Thanks to their beta-glucan and adenosine content, they have anticoagulant effects, preventing clot and thrombus formation, as well as hypotensive effects. These effects ensure better blood circulation, addressing one of the triggering factors for tinnitus.
Rosehip (Rosa Canina): Rich in vitamin C and antioxidants, it can play a significant role in supporting ear health and reducing inflammation. Furthermore, through vitamin C-induced collagen synthesis, rosehip optimizes blood circulation, strengthening vessel walls and maintaining their elasticity.
Hericium Erinaceus: Widely used in Chinese and Japanese natural medicine for its historical properties, this fungus is likely one of the earliest nootropics studied. It contributes to repairing cells in the central and peripheral nervous systems damaged due to daily wear, aging, and illness. This effect is crucial for repairing and maintaining nerve structures in the inner ear, which are vital for the correct transmission of acoustic signals.
Curcumin and Berberine: These two plant-derived molecules are well-known for their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. These feaures make them useful for reducing inflammation and the presence of free radicals in the ear, promoting the proper functioning of internal structures and, on the other hand, reducing the potential onset of tinnitus.
It is essential to emphasize that tinnitus management varies from person to person, and consulting a healthcare professional is crucial for an accurate diagnosis and a personalized treatment plan. Natural remedies can be a valid complement, but they must be selected by competent professionals specifically for each different condition.